Today is World Hypertension Day, a day designated to increase public awareness about hypertension globally. This year is theme is tagged “Know Your Blood Pressure”.
7 out of 10 Nigerians are hypertensive says Prof. Modupe Onadeko, a retired Reproductive Medicine consultant at the University College Hospital, (UCH) Ibadan.
The Professor who made this known on Wednesday during interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Ibadan in commemoration of the World Hypertension Day 2017, said that 50 per cent of the 7 out of 10 hypertensive Nigerians are unaware of their condition while the remaining half are just not bothered to seek medical help to treat this condition.
Onadeko said that hypertension was a risk factor for Cerebrovascular Accidents (CVA), also called Stroke or Heart Attack.
Hypertension is a condition in which the arterial blood pressure raises to high level from the normal level (120/80mmHg).
“Hypertension is medical condition called “silent killer”, as it does not show any clear symptoms.
“However, severe hypertension shows some symptoms of headaches, sleepiness, palpitation, blurred vision, fatigue, dizziness, confusion and ringing sensation in the ears.
“Other symptoms that may manifest are: breathing difficulty and irregular heartbeat which may lead to coma.
“Hypertension is divided into two types; primary or essential hypertension and secondary hypertension, on the basis of its causing factors.
“The primary hypertension is a more common type. However, it causes are unknown.
“The causes of secondary hypertension, includes kidney damage, adrenal gland over-activity, sleep apnea syndrome, tumours and recreational drugs.
“Other causes are pregnancy-related conditions, over or wrong medications, alcoholic drinks and bad food,” she said.
Onadeko advised Nigerians to do regular blood pressure check and adhere to doctor’s instruction on healthy diets and physical exercise.
The World Hypertension Day which is annually celebrated globally started in May 2005, by the World Hypertension League (WHL), a health organization that collaborate with different national hypertension societies and initiatives worldwide.